In our time, everything exists to end a photo. Photography mummifies time. Henri Bazin.
In our time there are endless debates about whether photography can be attributed to art, or rather it is only a means of achieving it, just like, for example, canvas and paints? With the help of them you can create real works of art, but with such a share of probability you can "build" a business. In the modern world, the photographer is not only a creative person, but also a kind of businessman. Without a high-quality photographing, no solemn event can take place. The photo is in demand and brings a good income. But everyone who loves photography, admires the masterpieces of professionals, he creates quality, unique works and does not set a goal to sell his creation - for that the answer is obvious: photography is an art !!!
In order to confidently talk about whether photography is an art, it is necessary to understand what is photography and what is art? Can they coexist? Or is this one "whole"? To do this, look back and look for the answer on the pages of the history of photography.
How the photo began.
The desire to preserve the beauty of a fleeting life created an amazing kind of art - photography. The history of photography is an exciting story of the origin and embodiment of the dream of fixing and long-term preservation of images of the surrounding phenomena and objects, one of the brightest and turbulent stages in the development of modern information technology. Only looking back at the past photos, you can appreciate the enormous influence that it had on the development of modern culture, science and technology.
The history of photography, unlike research in other arts, having centuries-old traditions, began to be developed only in recent times, more precisely in the post-war years. At this time in many countries began to publish books on photographic art. Of course, research in this area at first lagged behind the genres of art photography. There were several reasons for this: the lack of a large number of museums, archives, collectors, as well as the fragility of negatives and paper prints of the time. The number of pictures and the speed of reproduction were also questioned by photographic painting. In fact, unlike the paintings that were painted for years, the photo-work took very little time.
The development of photographic art at the beginning was accompanied by a lot of criticism and misunderstanding from connoisseurs of art. They considered light painting only as a mechanical copy of reality, capable of being only akin to painting. However, photographers of that time, working more often for periodicals, in their pictures concerned such pressing problems as poverty, social inequality, exploitation of child labor and others.
I would like to note a few facts, without which photography would not have existed at all.
The basis for the invention of photography was the observation of the famous Greek scientist Aristotle. In the IV century BC. he described a curious phenomenon: the light that passes through a small hole in the window shutter draws on the wall the landscape that is visible outside the window.
The image is turned upside down and very dim, but reproduces the nature without distortion. In the late 10th century AD. in the works of Arab scientists appeared the first mention of camera obscura (from the Latin "dark room") - an adaptation for accurate painting landscapes and still lifes.
Its design changed and improved, but the base was a box with a small hole in the front wall. Subsequently, the camera was equipped with a collecting lens, and the box was made of two halves, which could be moved to focus the picture.